Friday, 27 October 2017

Metaphorical Accompaniment


There
have been
more clashes
between Iraqi and British forces

Process: existential
Existent
Accompaniment: comitative


Unpacking the grammatical metaphor:

Iraqi and British forces
have clashed
Actor
Process: material

or

Iraqi forces
have clashed
with British forces
Actor
Process: material
Accompaniment

or (more likely, given the strategic use of metaphor):

British forces
have clashed
with Iraqi forces
Actor
Process: material
Accompaniment


Halliday & Matthiessen (1999: 174):
The circumstance of Accompaniment does not correspond to any one particular participant rôle. Rather, it corresponds to an extending of the participant itself, by addition or variation… Grammatically, the analogous type of participant is one represented by a nominal group complex.

Halliday & Matthiessen (2014: 324):
Accompaniment is a form of joint participation in the process and represents the meanings ‘and’, ‘or’, ‘not’ as circumstantials;
See also Degree of Involvement.

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